Best known so far about Afghanistan is the presence of U.S.military and the International Security Assistance Force to the UN Security, under the command of the Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
Although it is also known that Islamic rebel forces defending the independence and national sovereignty and whose main objective, according to its leaders, is to annihilate the foreign occupiers, who invaded this Central Asian territory in October 2001.
For more than 11 years, only talks and reports about operations, offensives, fighting, suicide car bombs, suicide attacks and bombings against civilians, especially in rural areas of production, are the order of the day.
This makes sense, but the international media agencies are not interested in disclosing information about the existence of a large item or fourth segment inhabiting the country, which is under threat of disappearing due to lack of minimal resources for combat the local daily hunger.
Hence, the UN Undersecretary-general for Humanitarian Affairs, Valerie Amos, alerts on the vast needs facing the people and urged the international community to contribute a greater financial commitment to address the needs of Afghanis.
We must continue to mobilize resources to help those who are in dire need, said Mrs. Amos at a press conference, who returned to New York after a 3-week diplomatic round-up by the Central Asian Islamic nation, saying there are millions of people affected by the conflict and natural disasters.
Most of these refugees, some 5 million, settled down in the neighboring Islamic nations of Iran and Pakistan, but others tried to rebuild their lives in reception camps spread across the Afghan territory without official support; with great difficulty and little help from the international community.
Amos brought up the situation faced by women in general in the Asian country, a place with high mortality rates --one of the largest on the planet--, as well as extreme poverty and great difficulties in accessing health and education.
She mentioned the necessity of the investment in human development and delivery of vital services such as housing, primary education and health by the international community.
The UN estimates that $437 million is urgently needed this year to provide humanitarian assistance in Afghanistan, but the official said that only 27% of these funds have been raised so far.
This helplessness prevails despite the billions of dollars of international economic aid received by Afghan authorities since 2002, a nation which remains with one of the world lowest development indicators.
This is facilitated by the escalation of the conflict spread to various parts of the country previously considered relatively peaceful, where 3 thousand and 21 civilians were killed last year compared to 2 thousand 790 in 2010, according to statistics from the UN mission in Afghanistan.
A large percentage of these deaths is due to indiscriminate aerial bombardment, night operations and massacres perpetrated by the U.S.and NATO.
This serious crisis is exacerbated by the continuation of more than 130,000 soldiers from 40 states grouped in the International Security Assistance Force Security, sent by the UN under the command of NATO.
For this reason, Afghanistan remains as the 5th poorest country in the world, according to UNDP, with widespread corruption as a spearhead that chokes this nation’s social development.
Added to this is that access to clean water, electricity and medical care is an illusion by which half of its 30 million population lives badly below the poverty line.
Only 10% of those living in big cities have electricity and 5% of the rural population only reaches a life expectancy of 46 years old.
Moreover, the rate of economic growth forecast is 4% for this year, from which more than half comes from drug trafficking and the rest comes from international aid provided to the administration of Kabul. Comments (0)